Science20 Communiqué, G20 Indonesia 2022

Status : Final
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Halaman : 15
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Executive Summary
The Science20 (S20) recommends that the G20 governments tackle challenges in the priority issues that cover: building resilient health systems, enhancing adaptive capacity of health systems to climate change, bolstering multi-disciplinary science and technology for pandemic preparedness and climate change, guaranteeing that people are at the center, and strengthening the nexus between data-research-policy-practice for climate change, pandemic preparedness and economic recovery. The S20 recommends the following action measures:
1. WHO should globally coordinate the implementation of the proposed actions, to ensure alignment with relevant global health initiatives.
2. Mitigate health care contributions to greenhouse gases (GHGs) and climate change, while at the same time, improving health care quality and resilience.
3. Improve the path to a more sustainable, resilient and effective health system that should include development of country-driven adaptation actions for strong and equitable health systems aligned with national priorities, and engagement of local and international communities.
4. Leverage technical advancements, in particular information and communication technology (ICT), supported by clean/renewable energy systems adapted to local conditions, including developing preventive medicine, tele-health care and community health literacy to avoid overloading critical health systems and meet consumer needs.
5. Enhance technological development that significantly contribute to achieving sustainable development targets in utilizing renewable energy resources, building urban water systems and sustainable public infrastructure, sustainable management of natural resources, increasing healthy diet from sustainable food production, and producing environmentally-friendly materials and products.
6. Increase the currently minimal financial support for health adaptation, expand multilateral climate finance projects, and develop appropriate financial incentives.
7. Enhance multi-disciplinary collaborative work with more research on pandemic preparedness and climate change among multiple stakeholders for the benefit of the people, the planet, and the prosperity for all parties.
8. Encourage Open Data practices to enhance knowledge collaboration and transfer among G20 members, that should be accompanied by a strong data policy and ethics.
9. Encourage mutual partnership to support climate action, recognize the importance of a just transition to a low-carbon economy enabling a fair and just energy transition for many countries, supported by proper energy policy and financial incentives through market-based approaches.
10. Require the commitment of G20 members to support the science and technology cooperation and expand access across member countries. Sharing financial support, knowledge and technology among G20 members is argued as a mechanism to achieve those commitments, so that no one is left behind.
11. Ensure the sustainability and resilience of our societies and planet, by guaranteeing that all people are at the center, especially people in vulnerable situations in the Global Health Architecture (GHA) and the Digital Economy Transformation (DET).
12. Equalize disparate access and powers, increase efforts to integrate the Social Sciences and Humanities into all public policy decisions affecting people, thereby guaranteeing that people are at the center.
13. Bolster the adoption of evidence-based policy to strengthen political will and leadership and establish institutional design to facilitate the exchange of scientific information for decision makers.
14. Involve all stakeholders including the public and local communities, ensure transparency and access to data availability and translatability, local as well as global, in various forms, including digital, to monitor and evaluate scientific-based policymaking.

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